Mela Kadambur Amirthakadeswarar Temple – History, Architecture and Pooja details
Mela Kadambur Amirthakadeswarar Temple (மேலக்கடம்பூர் அமிர்தகடேஸ்வரர் கோயில்) is a 1000 years old and located at Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu and it is well known as Tirukkadambur and also called as Karakkoil. From Tamil artistic sources we discover that there are nine classifications of sanctuary structures devoted to Lord Shiva. They are: ‘Perunkoyil’, ‘Karakkoyil’, ‘Gnalarkoyil’, ‘Koudikkoyil’, ‘Ilamkoyil’, ‘Manikkoyil’, ‘Alakkoyil’, ‘Madakkoyil’ and ‘Punkoyil.’ The presiding deity is Lord Shiva as “Amirthakadeswarar” moolavar and “Vidyujothi Nayaki” & “Sri jothiminnamai” Amman, Urchavar “Somaskandar”.
Thirunavukkarasar (Appar) Thevaram makes reference to nine sorts of sanctuaries. They incorporate They are: ‘Perunkoyil’, ‘Karakkoyil’, ‘Gnalarkoyil’, ‘Koudikkoyil’, ‘Ilamkoyil’, ‘Manikkoyil’, ‘Alakkoyil’, ‘Madakkoyil’ and ‘Punkoyil.’
Tirunavukkarasar describes the feature of the deity as:
நங்க டம்பனைப் பெற்றவள் பங்கினன்
தென்க டம்பைத் திருக்கரக் கோயிலோன்
தன்க டன்னடி யேனையுந் தாங்குதல்
என்க டன்பணி செய்து கிடப்பதே.
பெருக்காறு சடைக்கணிந்த பெருமான் சேரும்
பெருங் கோயில் எழுபதினோ(டு) எட்டும் மற்றும்
கரக்கோயில் கடிபொழில்சூழ் ஞாழற் கோயில்
கருப்பறியற் பொருப்பனைய கொகுடிக் கோயில்
இருக்கோதி மறையவர்கள் வழிபட்(டு) ஏத்தும்
இளங்கோயில் மணிக்கோயில் ஆலக் கோயில்
திருக்கோயில் சிவனுறையுங் கோயில் சூழ்ந்து
தாழ்ந்திறைஞ்சத் தீவினைகள் தீரும் அன்றே
– திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரம்–
The sanctuary is east-bound and there is three layered rajagopuram. The nandhi and balipeetam are found in the front mandapam. The primary hallowed place is east-bound and the south-bound ambal holy place.
This thousand year old sanctuary is the image of proceeding with design custom of the Chola skilled workers and it is one of the later Chola sanctuaries which have stayed unrivaled as far as engineering greatness to date. The engineering and figures show perfect creative aptitudes. The sanctuary vimana (place of worship segment of a sanctuary and its superstructure) is assembled like a chariot (ratha) like structure drawn by two ponies. The left wheel is adhered to the earth since Lord Ganesha squeezed it.
The manchabhadra upa-pita or platform frames the base. The padma banda adhisthana (socle) comprises of 18 diverse particular shaped levels (from base up); Upana or upatala (the base), Padma (a layer of lotus theme), Jagathi (straight), Kumuda (round), Kanta (neck), Patti and Kapota (layer of lotus petals). Nagara vimana has kirtimukha kudu on every heading and a round kalasa and stupi.
During the time of Dasaratha (Lord Ram’s father) Lord Sani had eagle as vaahan, Dasa buja rishaba thandava Murthy is taken out during every Pradosham – this vigraham is available ONLY in this temple.
Temple timings: 07:30am to 10:00am | 05:00pm to 08:00pm
Pooja timings: “We can arrange the special Poojas on request.”
|Kalashanthi Pooja||8:30 am to 9:30 am|
|Uchikala Pooja||11:30 am to 12:00 noon|
|Sayaratchai Pooja||6:00 pm to 6:30 pm|
|Ardhajama Pooja||7:30 pm to 8:00 pm|
Address of Amirthakadeswarar koil:
Sri AmirdhagadeswararTemple, Thiruladaiyur (Po.), Tharangakbadi (Tk.), Nagappattinam (Dt), Tamil nadu- 609311. India.
Location: (Distance) : From Chennai: 276 Km | From Trichy: 141.8 KMS | 26KMS from Chidambaram
Best way to reach Amirthakadeswarar temple:
By train: Trichy railway station is the nearest which is in 158 KMS away
By bus: Trichy bus stand is the nearest one which is in 138 KMS away, city buses are available to this temple. Kattumanar koil is 22KMS from Chidambaram. Kattumanar koil to Eyyalur after Keel kadambur then Melai Kadambur.
By air: Nearest Airport Chennai, Puducherry & Trichy.
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**This article taken from own knowledge and variant sources