Coronavirus (CoV) is a common virus cause an infection in your nose, mouth, eyes. In a severe way, it will affect your respiratory system and put you in trouble with breathing. Viruses affect kids and elderly-people easily or who have a less immune system. The name Coronavirus came from its crown-like shape. See the below pic.
There are seven types of coronavirus identified so far. The first was identified in the 1960s.
As per the evidence it spreads through camel, chickens, pigs, bats, and snakes. Still its not defined to say the origin specifically. MERS and SARS are similar virus family which affects the human and it spreads and leads to death very quickly.
SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)- Severe acute respiratory syndrome is the disease caused by SARS coronavirus. Muscle pain, severe headache, and fever is the most common symptoms of SARS. Also, another common finding in SARS patients is a decrease in the number of lymphocytes (white blood cells) circulating in the blood. The original source of SARS was undoubtedly bats and It crossed over to humans and then spread person-to-person.” SARS was identified in the year of 2002.
MERS- Middle East respiratory syndrome also called as came flu. It is a viral respiratory infection caused by MERS-Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). In 2012, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) appeared in Saudi Arabia, Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe. By 2014 & 2015 humans in the USA and Korea are affected mostly.
Coronavirus is the most common virus that causes diseases in mammals, birds, pigs, and snakes. It spread to human via touch, mouth, nose and its directly affecting the respiratory system of the body.
Fast facts on viruses:
⊕ Viruses are living microscopic organisms that exist everywhere in the earth.
⊕ A Virus has one effect on one type of organism, but a different effect on another.
⊕ Several types of viruses are there with different complexity.
⊕ Viruses can not reproduce by themselves. It infects the host cells and multiplies it. It’s considering as the most dangerous way of infecting the subject quickly.
⊕ Elderly people succumb to viruses ‘because their immune systems work too hard’.
- Running Nose / Sneezing
- Shortness of Breath
There is no cure for the virus, but vaccination can prevent them. Unfortunately, no vaccine discovered for coronavirus so far. To help prevent a coronavirus infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold.
» Wash your hand thoroughly and frequently with alcohol-based hand sanitizer at least for 20 seconds.
» Keep your hands and fingers away from eyes, nose, mouth. Use face-mask regularly when you travel outside.
» Drink plenty of fluids.
» Take a rest. As much as you can.
» Take the prescribed medicines by the doctor.
» Use your own transport – Car, Motorcycle, Bi-Cycles, Walk
× Crowded Place – Traveling/Shopping/Spiritual Places/Airport/Railway Station/Tour Spot/ Mall/Movie Theatres/Swimming Pool/Stadium (In-door & Out-door), Play-Grounds
× Contacts with Animals
× Touching the surfaces in the public area
× Unwanted & frequent visit to Hospitals/Health Centres
× Eating Non-Vegetarian food from outside and Fast-foods
× Eating raw or Half-Cooked foods.
× Traveling or Staying with the affected person
× Using Public transport / Private cabs (Ex. Uber/Ola/others)
× Close Contact with Affected person/Animals
Coronavirus Hospitals & Contacts:-
♠ Special Ward has been created in Chennai “Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, EVR Salai, Chennai-3. Phone No.044 Phone no. 044-25305112”. http://www.mmc.ac.in/mmc/
♠ 24×7 NCDC – Call Centre number +91-11-23978046.
♠ Delhi – DR. RAM MANOHAR LOHIA HOSPITAL – 91-11-23404286 / 91-11-23365525 Extn. 5032. https://rmlh.nic.in/
♠ Kerala – Trivandrum: General Hospital Junction, Jai Vihar, Kunnukuzhy, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695035 Phone: 0471 230 3870. https://trivandrum.nic.in/public-utility-category/govt-hospitals/page/4/
♦ In India, the situation is being closely monitored at the highest level for adequate preparedness. Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare held a high-level review meeting with senior officers of the Health Ministry, ICMR and NCDC, here today, to analyse the current situation, preparedness and steps being taken for prevention and management of Novel Coronavirus (nCoV) in India.
♦ Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a must for medical professionals to handle this nCOV affected/suspected persons.
- Respiratory protection: disposable, cartridge, airline, half or full face
- Eye protection: spectacles/goggles, shields, visors
- Hand protection: gloves and barrier creams
- Foot protection: shoes/boots
- Head protection: helmets, caps, hoods, hats
- Skin protection: hats, sunburn cream, long-sleeved clothes
**This article taken from own knowledge and variant sources